Category Archives: Referee

Information directly related to referees, training and information.


It is with regret we have been informed of the recent passing of Dolores Layne, mother of Archie Layne, NYCGBOA Member-at-Large.

Funeral: Monday, January 6, 2020
Saints Temple Church of God in Christ
399 Classon Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 1238
Between Greene and Lexington Avenue
Wake: 4:00 PM – 7:00 PM
Service: Immediately After

Please keep Archie and his family in your thoughts and prayers during this time of mourning.

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Filed under Events, Official, Referee, Uncategorized

Basketball Terminology

To answer questions from coaches and players, get in the habit of using Basketball Terminology. This is a list of phrases you should know and use:

Act of shooting | Airborne shooter

Freedom of movement | Displacement

Offensive initiated contact | Vertical defender

Established | Maintained | Legal guarding position

Laterally | Obliquely | Moving forward

Illegal contact | Incidental contact

Unnecessary |Excessive | Severe contact

Wind up| Impact | Follow through

Time and distance| open angle

Point of contact | closed look

Vulnerable position | Potential for injury

Jumped A to B | Jumped straight up

Verticality |Vertical plane | Defender wasn’t vertical

The shooter has the right to land| Landing space

Defender was retreating | Designated spot

Continuous motion | Before the shot

Fumble | Interrupted dribble

Player control | Team control

Point of interruption |Ball is at disposal

Correctable errors | Tap or Try for goal

Pivot foot | 3 steps

Unsporting conduct | Taunting

Clean strip | Screener too wide

Live ball | Dead ball

This list is from the Crown Refs twitter feed and was re-posted by NYCPSAL.

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Filed under Coaches, HS Basketball, IAABO, Official, PSAL, Referee

PSAL Basketball Officials

The PSAL regular season tipped off on Monday, November 18. As you take the court to officiate games, on behalf of the PSAL, I would like to thank you for the valuable work you do. The PSAL office schedules 3000 + basketball games each year. You are with us, in partnership every step of the way, preserving and enforcing the rules of the game. Please remember the important reminders below as you carry out your responsibilities on the court. We appreciate your efforts. – Danny Harris

Quick Reference Guide – Officials Expectations / Home team expectations

  • 1. Please confirm your game assignment with your PSAL Assignor and confirm assignment on prior to departure to your game
  • 2. Arrive on time and conduct appropriate pre-game with partners (at least 30 min. prior to tipoff)
  • 3. Appearance – dress and groom appropriately. Make a good first impression
  • 4. Identify and introduce yourself to coaches, student-athletes, and table personnel
  • 5. Know the rules & enforce the rules (PSAL Rules & NFHS Rules)
  • 6. Enforce the No Tolerance for Fighting and Profanity policies. No Tolerance means no warnings, no explanations, and no negotiations.
  • 7. Manage the game
  • 8. Be aware of safety concerns
  • 9. Enforce bench & spectator decorum
  • 10. De-escalate situations
  • 11. If you eject players or coaches, immediately note ejection in scorebook, record the school name, name(s) and number(s) of all player(s) involved, and report to Assignor
  • 12. The home team must provide a safe and suitable environment for entrance/ exit and competition
  • 13. The home team must provide a safe and suitable office, room, or locker room for you to change pre and post-game
  • 14. The home team must provide functional score clock and shot clocks
  • 15. Please contact your Assignor if a team has not arrived at the game location within 30 minutes of the scheduled start time

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Filed under HS Basketball, Official, PSAL, Referee

63 Things A Working Official Should Know

With the 2019-20 season approaching, please read the timeless piece “63 Things You Should Know As A Working Basketball Official”. It will make you a better official. I suggest you keep a copy in your bag with your rule book. 

A Work In Progress
by Charles Lloyd

The following suggestions are based on the experiences of basketball officials and are not intended to be the complete or definitive list. Your suggestions and additions are encouraged.


1. Prepare your official’s equipment and bag at least 48 hours before game time, whenever possible. Make sure everything is cleaned and pressed! Take extra shoelaces.

2. When packing your bag, start with your feet and as you move towards your head, place the respective items in your bag as you “name” them on your body.

3. Avoid traveling with your partner(s) to the same assigned game. If you are delayed, neither official will arrive “on-time.”

4. Whenever possible, get the telephone number of game site and/or coach, site coordinator in the event, you are delayed or unable to cover your assignment.

5. Never accept an assignment that you cannot possibly get to on time.

6. Never take a later assignment that is so close to your first game, which may delayed or go into overtime.

7. Never turn back an assignment for a higher paying assignment.

8. Always leave enough time to arrive at the game site at least one [1) hour before game time. Don’t get the label” Don’t worry, he’s/she’s always late.”

9. Whenever possible you should always remain, after your game, until the next assigned officials show up.

10. You are permitted to wear your official’s trousers and undershirt, to the game, if you have never been to the site or if there are no changing facilities or the facility is nonexistent or deplorable? Get a good garment bag. Continue reading

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Filed under HS Basketball, PSAL, Referee

Bertram Gay Jr


We all knew him as “Butch” and he will be deeply missed. He passed October 17, 2019.

Memorial Service:
Tuesday October 29, 2019
Fellowship Covenant Church
720 Castle Hill Ave
Bx, NY
11 am – 12:30 pm

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Filed under Members, Official, Referee